Hash Oil is the extracted oil from cannabis, typically found in cartridges for vape pens. You may also know this concentrate as wax, BHO, dabs or any number of other nicknames depending on how the product has been finished. Oil has a higher concentration of THC — the main psychoactive chemical in pot — than regular buds giving hash oil the reputation for being more potent. Oil can be smoked or vaporized directly, or used to make edible products or topicals.
Wax or Budder is produced by whipping air into butane hash oil (BHO) or propane hash oil (PHO) while purging the butane or propane out with heat and agitation. Whipping the hash allows the solvent to escape quickly and creates a consistency that can range from hard and crumbly to soft and gummy depending on the strain and the way it was produced. The most common way to smoke wax is to put the wax into a wax vaporizer pen or dab it in a glass rig. Some people like to put wax on top of bowls or in joints as well.
Shatter is produced by purging the solvent from the hash oil in a vacuum oven for up to 72 hours. No agitation is used in this process, allowing the hash oil to form a stable, translucent structure. The resulting substance can have the consistency of glass or taffy depending on the strain. Shatter is usually sold on parchment paper and will “shatter” when broken apart. The most common way to use shatter is dabbing it through a rig.
Live Resin is often considered the most flavorful and pungent type of hash oil. Terpenes are preserved by freezing a freshly harvested plant and then performing the extraction. Most of a plant’s terpenes are lost during the first week of drying, so this type of concentrate has a flavor and aroma that is closer to the scent of the bud while still “on the vine.” The consistency can vary depending on the strain, ranging from a wet sugar consistency to a stickier substance like sap. Live Resin can be used in a vape pen or dabbed.
Distillate is made using a process called short path distillation that requires further refining and purifying BHO/PHO with alcohol. Using controlled temperatures to extract individual cannabinoids or terpenes, the compounds are then extracted and collected, with the resulting oil appearing almost translucent. No solvents are retained in the product during the distillation process, which is why it’s called “solvent-less” distillate. The consistency of distillates is similar to that of honey. It can be purchased in raw form, with a neutral smell and taste, or infused with natural flavors and terpenes. Distillate can be used in a vape pen or dabbed. Potency will range from 75- 99.9% THC.
Ice Water Hash, aka Bubble Hash, is made by using ice cold water and agitation. The cold temperatures make the trichomes brittle, and agitation helps break those trichomes off from the plant material. Then, different sized micron screens are used to filter the plant material from the various sized trichomes. As the majority of cannabinoids and terpenoids exist in the head of the trichome, the highest grade bubble hash consists purely of trichome heads. The hash is then dried and pressed or left loose. Potency will range from 30-85% THC.
Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes a combination of heat and pressure to nearly instantaneously squeeze resinous sap from your initial starting material, producing Rosin. The term “rosin” originated as a method of making a product used to lubricate violin bows. With cannabis, this method is incredibly versatile in that it can either be used with flowers or to clean up hash and kief into a full-melt hash oil. The result is a translucent, sappy, and sometimes shatter-like product. If executed correctly, rosin can rival the flavor, potency, and yield of other solvent-based extraction products.
Aesthetically, rosin is almost impossible to distinguish from shatter or sap. However, the difference between the two is that rosin is completely free of the residual solvents often left behind by butane (BHO) or propane (PHO).